"Each man has a song and this is my song." (Leonard Cohen)

Monday, July 2, 2018

Hostiles (ESMP, 2017)


Rather unconvincing conversion to liberalism




 
 
“The essential American soul is hard, isolate, stoic, and a killer. It has never melted.”

This well-known if rather harsh judgement, by DH Lawrence, appears first on the screen when we watch the recent Western Hostiles. Do you think it can be true? The first reel of the movie (if motion pictures still have reels these days) seems to offer proof, as extremely violent Indians and correspondingly brutal white men come into conflict in nineteenth-century New Mexico. But gradually, as the story develops, which it has plenty of time to do, we are led to the view that perhaps the English poet and novelist, who lived in and knew New Mexico, might have been wrong. Though the tone of the film is dark and melancholy, the final message is almost breezily optimistic.

Enemies who will undergo a (slightly unconvincing) rapprochement

It opens, before the title, with a scene that must have been influenced by The Searchers, a remote farm attacked by Indians. These raids happened all the time, of course, we know that, though we are in 1892 and the raiders are Comanche, so I don’t know how common that was by then. The white Quaid family is rather too perfect, with hard-working pa brutally slain and scalped and his beautiful young wife teaching her angelic and intelligent children. Everyone is spotlessly clean and has perfect skin. If I’d been the director/writer I’d have wanted more ‘ordinary’ settlers. The attacking Indians are only glimpsed but certainly look frightening when we do see them. The mother (Rosamund Pike) is the only survivor, and understandably, traumatized.

We now meet an Army patrol, commanded by a Captain Joseph Blocker, who is, in Lawrence’s words, hard, isolate, stoic and a killer. He and his men roughly capture some Indians and drag them into Fort Berringer. Blocker is played by Christian Bale. You may remember Bale as the gutsy farmer in the semicentennial anniversary remake of 3:10 to Yuma, and very good he was in that too. He is outstanding in this one.

Bale outstanding as Blocker

Back at the fort we start to get to know Capt. Blocker better. He reads Julius Caesar in the original Latin and has a reputation as a man of few qualms when dealing with Indians is concerned. “I hate ‘em,” he announces, unequivocally. He has a sergeant (Rory Cochrane) suffering from melancholia. “There’s no such thing,” his captain and friend tells him. But the sergeant is depressed and wants out of the Army after all these years.

He reads The Gallic Wars in Latin

President Benjamin Harrison (in the White House 1889 to 1893) has agreed to let the old Cheyenne chief Yellow Hawk, who has been imprisoned at the fort for the last seven years, return to his ancestral lands, as a PR exercise, and a very reluctant Capt. Blocker is tasked by the colonel (Stephen Lang) with escorting him home to Montana.

The old Indian is played by Wes Studi, something of a go-to these days for Native American parts (of whatever tribe), then 70 (gosh, even older than your Jeff) but still going strong – he is to star in the announced Timberwolf - and ideal in the role of a vaguely Geronimo-like elder, though unlike Geronimo dying of cancer. Wes was in fact Geronimo in the 1993 Geronimo: An American Legend and you will doubtless also remember him in Dances With Wolves.
 
Wes stoic as Cheyenne chief

We kinda sense that as the journey goes on the Army captain and Indian chief will learn mutual respect, and, in the face of the common enemy, the Comanche, they duly do.

On the way they come across the burnt-out farmstead and Mrs. Quaid joins the party. In her dead husband’s hat she looks rather like Cate Blanchett in The Missing and she is, in that modern way, equally independent and feisty, if you are allowed to call a woman feisty these days. She empties a pistol into a Comanche body. A weakness of the film, though, is that while she is so virulently anti-Indian, to the point where the mere first sight of Yellow Hawk and his family gives her hysterics, she too-suddenly becomes their friend on the trip, bonding with the Cheyenne women, who braid her hair, and helping them with the washing-up. At 134 minutes runtime (the movie is actually too long) the director and writer had all the time in the world to develop this rapprochement more subtly but in fact we are surprised, even shocked, by the lovey-dovey relationship that is immediately evident.

 Ms Pike does her Cate act

The original

Another failing, perhaps, is that the Indian parts are, as so often was the case in Westerns, relatively weak, with Studi given very little to say (yes, he’s supposed to be stoic and taciturn but not to this extent) and the other members of his band (Q’orianka Kilcher, Adam Beach, Xavier Horsechief and Tanaya Beatty) pretty well reduced to ciphers. Given that Cooper seems to have wanted genuinely to deal with the dispossession of and other crimes committed against Native American peoples by white local and national institutions, and the film does rather wear its heart on its sleeve in this respect, you would expect more of an Indian ‘voice’. It wasn’t as if time was short. But it’s all seen through the eyes of the whites.

Meeting of minds

The film had its world premiere at the Telluride Film Festival on September 2, 2017, and had a limited release in the United States by Entertainment Studios. The widow of credited screenwriter Donald E Stewart (of Jack Ryan fame) had found the Hostiles script when moving houses. Stewart, who died in 1999, had not submitted the manuscript to any studios. The director was Scott Cooper, who adapted the manuscript into a screenplay, creating several parts; it is his only Western (to date) as director, though as an actor he was in Broken Trail. The picture went into production without a distributor, with a budget of almost $40m, a gamble for financier Ken Kao. Before its première, Cooper invited a Cheyenne chief onto the stage to bless the theater, and the chief’s wife made an emotional speech endorsing the film.

Director/writer Cooper

Visually, the picture is absolutely superb. Masanobu Takayanagi was the cinematographer, his only Western and he is evidently a master. There are some stunning shots, especially, I thought, Rembrandt-like interiors and portraits, and the Anthony Mann-influenced mountain scenes. The New Mexico and Arizona locations are splendid.

A master

There is perhaps an Ulzana’s Raid vibe to the picture, with its violence, harsh terrain and hard-bitten, experienced characters dealing with conflict. But it has a more blatantly liberal agenda. AO Scott in The New York Times said that “’Hostiles’ itself wants to be both a throwback and an advance, not so much a new kind of western as every possible kind — vintage, revisionist, elegiac, feminist. What makes the movie interesting is the sincerity and intelligence with which it pursues that ambition, heroically unaware that the mission is doomed from the start.” Yes. But the picture is saved by the magnificent acting and its wonderful appearance.

 

 

6 comments:

  1. An excellent essay on a very fine Western.
    I might even go as far as to say that HOSTILES is the best Western since
    UNFORGIVEN.
    I agree with virtually everything that you say here Jeff and totally
    agree that Bale is outstanding.
    I might add that I loathed the 3.10 TO YUMA remake.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Not sure I'd go that far! But yes, as recent Westerns go it's very good.
      Jeff

      Delete
  2. A very fair and well-written piece from your pen, Jeff. I have to say that I take a lot of convincing to even consider going to see a western made in recent years. However, I took on board John Knight's recommendation at another blog some months ago and ventured to a cinema to give it a go. I must say I was surprised how much I enjoyed it (a bit overlong perhaps) and I also thought Christian Bale was very fine in it. Good to see that a western like this can still be made.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Aye, it's encouraging that Westerns of this quality are still viable.
      Jeff

      Delete
  3. Jeff, like Jerry, it takes a lot of convincing for me to watch a Western movie made recently. I haven't seen HOSTILES yet, but I probably will. I think you wrote a very good review. Through your review I can see that I might have some problems with this Post-Modern Western. Starting with the year the story takes place, 1892? Comanches raiding and killing settlers in New Mexico? The last Comanche killing raid into Texas was in 1876-77. In 1892 the Comanche were farmers and ranchers on the reservation in Oklahoma Territory. Why was a Northern Cheyenne Chief(Wes Studi) being held has a prisoner in New Mexico? In 1877 over a thousand Northern Cheyenne were moved to the Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation in Indian Territory(Western Oklahoma). In 1878-79 Northern Cheyenne Chiefs Little Wolf and Dull Knife led the exodus north back to their homeland(remember John Ford's CHEYENNE AUTUMN released in 1964). After 1883, the rest of the Northern Cheyenne were free to return to Montana, if they chose. If the Chief was a Federal prisoner, he would have been taken back to Montana by Deputy United States Marshals. They would have traveled by train, not horseback, because this was 1892, not 1872. Indian haters don't change their minds about Indians that quick. In 1949 when the movie BROKEN ARROW(1950) was being filmed on location in Arizona, the local people found out that the movie was pro Indian. Many were not happy about this, because memories of the Apache wars were long. The last Apache outbreak from their Arizona reservation was in 1896 with the 7th Cavalry in pursuit. One of the 7th troopers was Edgar Rice Burroughs.

    I will view HOSTILES only on your, John and Jerry's recommendations.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Walter
      All your reservations (f I dare use that word) are justified. It is all highly improbable, not to say daft.
      Still, as I said in the review, the picture is visually superb and the acting very good.
      Jeff

      Delete